Cambodia is famous for a many ancient temples with typical Khmer architecture. Visiting to Cambodia, you must visit top 10 temples below.
Ta Keo is an uncompleted temple, built by King Jayavarman V when he was 17 years old. The reason why work stopped is not known. An inscription says that lightning struck the temple at one point which was taken as a sign of bad luck upon which work was halted. More likely it was because of the death of King Jayavarman V who commissioned the temple.
Takeo temple is the unique unfinished temple in Angkor Thom. Ta Keo is made from green sandstone, completely different from the dark brown or gray sandstone of other temples in Angkor.
Banteay Kdei or “Citadel of Monks’ cells” is a Buddhist temple in Angkor. It is located in the southeast of Ta Prohm and east of Angkor Thom. This Buddhist monastic complex is currently dilapidated due to faulty construction and poor quality of sandstone used in its buildings, and is now undergoing renovation. Banteay Kdei had been occupied by monks at various intervals over the centuries till 1960s. Sprawling, largely unrestored, the monastic complex in much the same style as Ta Prohm.
With three central towers, Pre Rup looks like a miniature Angkor Wat. It was the second temple built after the capital moved back to Angkor. Pre Rup was made from gray sandstone which is less durable than pink sandstone of some temples in Angkor. Over many centuries abandoned, the intricately-carved details on the temple were destroyed and eroded. The temple was used as a crematorium for royal family.
Preah Khan is one of the largest temple complexes in Angkor. Like many other temples, it has been restored a lot. There are four entrances to approach the gates of the temple and these are bordered by another stunning depiction of the Churning of the Ocean of Milk, as in the approach to Angkor Thom. The eastern entrance dedicated to Mahayana Buddhism with equal-sized door and the other dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma with smaller entrance, emphasizing the inequality of Hinduism.
Phnom Bakheng is a Hindu temple in Cambodia. Built in the late 9th century, Phnom Bakheng is typical architecture of a new capital under the reign of King Yasovarman. Situated at the hill’s top, Phnom Bakheng is an ideal destination to see the sunset.
Quite far from main temples, Banteay Srei is one of the smallest temples in Angkor. However, it is extremely attracts tourists because of amazing carvings. Banteay Srei is considered as a “jewel of Khmer art”. Built by pink sandstone, temple’s walls were elaborately decorated with floral motifs and epic Ramayana scenes.
Angkor Thom meaning “great city” was built by King Jayavarman VII in the 12th century. There are many temples in Angkor Thom, at the center is Bayon temple and other monuments located around Victory Square.
Built in 1186, Ta Prohm is a Buddhist temple dedicated to Jayaverman Vii’s mother. It is home of more than 12,500 people, including 18 priests and 80,000 Khmers living in the surrounding villages to maintain the temple. After the collapse of the Khmer empire in the 15th century, the temple was abandoned and swallowed up by tropical forests.
Bayon Temple was built in the 12th century by King Jayavarman VII at the heart of the royal city – Angkor Thom. Bayon is the unique temple built for Mahayana Buddhism, dedicated to Buddha. After King Jayavarman’s death, Bayon was remodeled by Hinduism. It is the most impressive temple in Angkor complex due to majestic scale as well as spiritual mystery.
Angkor Wat is the largest and most beautiful temple in Angkor. Situated on the 200-hectares area, Angkor Wat is the pinnacle of Khmer architecture. The temple is famous for its reliefs describing Hindu epics, myths of Hindu deities and immortal life. In the late 13th century, Angkor Wat gradually moved from indu temple to temple of Mahayana. Unlike other temples in Angkor that are abandoned after the collapse Khmer Empire in the 15th century, Angkor Wat still maintains as a Buddhist temple.
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