Phnom Penh is one of the most attractive cities because of many unique architectural works with the combination of French and Khmer architecture. In the 1970s, Phnom Penh was considered as “Paris” of the Eastern. Traveling Phnom Penh, you should not miss to visit these destinations:
Royal Palace – Silver Pagoda
Address: Located on Sothearos Road (between 184 and 240 Road)
Ticket: 6 USD/person
Opening hours: 7:30 – 11:00 and 14:00 – 17:00 daily
The Royal Palace of Cambodia (full name is Preah Barom Reachea Vaeng Chaktomuk) was built after King Norodom moved the capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh in the mid of 1800. The Cambodian kings lived in this palace since it was built in 1866, except the Khmer Rouge period.
In addition to the home of Kings, royal families and foreign guests, the Royal Palace is the place also is the place where royal ceremonies, diplomatic ceremonies took place. The Palace along with Silver Pagoda is a complex of palaces, architectural buildings and beautiful gardens.
National Museum of Cambodia
Location: Situated between 178 and 13 Road, next to Royal Palace
Entrance fee: 3 USD/person
Opening hours: 8:00 – 17:00 daily
The National Museum of Cambodia, designed by George Groslier and Ecole des Arts Cambodgiens, was built in 1917 in the traditional Khmer style and inaugurated in 1920 by King Sisowath. It is home to one of the greatest collections of the oldest artifacts from the 4th to 13th century. There are more than 5000 objects showing a rich culture of Cambodian.
Address: Located between 96 Road and Norodom Avenue
Ticket: 1 USD/person (only for foreigners)
Opening hours: all days
Built in 1373, Wat Phnom is one of the most important temples in Phnom Penh. The rich widow, Daun Chi Penh, was built the temple on an artificial hill after she found 4 Buddha statues drifted here in a flood.
The pagoda was restored in 1926. Now it becomes a sacred site where people can come to wish or pray for success in school or business. Another place to visit is the stupa where contains the ashes of King Ponhea Yat, who moved the Khmer’s capital from Angkor to Phnom Penh. The area surrounding this temple is also the center holding festivals or Khmer New Year.
Phnom Penh Independence Monument
Location: in the center of a roundabout at the intersection of Norodom and Sihanouk Road
Opening hours: all days (except some holidays)
The Independence Monument was built in 1958 and inaugurated on November 9, 1962, to mark the 9th anniversary of Cambodian independence. The work was designed by a Cambodian architect - Vann Molyvann, so it bears the typical traditional architecture of Khmer people. The monument has lotus-shape describing Angkor Wat and other historical sites of Cambodia.
Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (S-21)
Location: Corner of 113 and 350 Road
Ticket price: 2 USD/person
Opening Hours: Open daily from 8:00 to 17:00
The Toul Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum showing the genocide of Khmer Rouge during ruling period from 1975 to 1979. It used to be a high school before becoming the reeducation camps of Khmer Rouge. In 1975, the school was moved into a prison, called the S21 Security Prison.
During 4 years in power, there are about 17,000 people were imprisoned, most of them are Khmer Rouge’s members or soldiers were accused of treason.
Killing Fields – Choeng Ek Memorial
This site is dedicated to the victims of Democratic Kampuchea during the Pol Pot regime from 1975-1979. This particular killing field is the site of the brutal executions of more than 17,000 people, most of whom had first suffered through interrogation, torture and deprivation in the S-21 Prison in Phnom Penh.
The Choeung Ek Memorial is now a group of mass graves, killing areas and a memorial stupa containing thousands of human skulls and long bones. The memorial is about a 20-40 minute drive from the center of Phnom Penh.
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